Development cooperation appropriations
EUR 1,245 million is reserved for development cooperation appropriations under the state budget for 2021. The exclusive ODA budget item administered by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs is EUR 757 million.
It is estimated that the appropriations budgeted for development cooperation for 2021 – a total of EUR 1,245 million – will correspond to 0.50 per cent of Finland’s gross national income (GNI). The appropriations are divided into two categories: the exclusive ODA budget item administered by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and other development cooperation.
Examples of the use of the ODA administered by the Foreign Ministry include bilateral development cooperation between Finland and its partner countries, support granted to UN agencies, development banks and Finnish CSOs, and humanitarian assistance. In statistics, funding for other development cooperation covers costs arising from the reception of refugees, Finland's contribution to the European Union’s development cooperation budget, and other disbursements counted as development assistance in various administrative sectors. It also includes an estimate of investments considered to fall under development cooperation by Finnfund, which is a Finnish development financier, and an estimate of other development policy investments.
The graphic presentation below illustrates the biggest ten recipient countries of Finland’s development cooperation appropriations in 2020 (preliminary information). It presents the total amount of funding channelled through intergovernmental development cooperation, multilateral organisations and civil society organisations as well as investments made by Finnfund.
The chart illustrates Finland’s ODA-eligible core funding to UN agencies and development finance institutions in 2020 (preliminary information).
Finland has expressed its commitment to raising its development cooperation appropriations to 0.7 per cent of GNI both in the UN and in the EU. During the economic recession in the early 1990s combined with the collapse of GNI, the goal was reached for a short while. In recent years, the share has remained at approximately 0.4 or 0.5 per cent of GNI.
The graphic presentation below illustrates Finland’s development cooperation appropriations as they are anticipated to grow in 2021–2025. The figures for 2021 are from the budget, and the figures for 2022–2025 are based on the spending limits decision.
Internationally, the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) monitors its member countries’ ODA performance based on the reports submitted to it. Statistics showing OECD/DAC member countries' development cooperation funding on DAC’s website at oecd.org/dac/financing-sustainable-developmentLink to another website..
Statistics on Finland's development assistance disbursements in the past decades:
Finland's development cooperation appropriations and disbursements 1989-2020 (PDF). The file includes the following tables:
- Table 1: Development cooperation appropriations and disbursements in 1989–2020
- Table 2: Public development cooperation disbursements in 2013–2020; exclusive ODA budget item administered by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs by budget allocation tables, and other development cooperation instalments.
- Table 3: Development cooperation disbursements to the least developed countries in 2013–2019.
Disbursements to the main partner countries, and multilateral partners and multilateral support 2015-2020 (PDF). The file includes the following tables:
- Table 4: Development cooperation disbursements to the main partner countries in 2015–2020.
- Table 5: Core funding to multilateral cooperation channels, disbursements counted as development cooperation in 2012–2020.
In statistics on development cooperation, it is typical that disbursements vary by the year even if the budgeted amounts were unchanged.
In development cooperation, the appropriations allocated for a given year differ from the funds actually used (i.e. the disbursements), because the appropriations are so-called deferrable appropriations. This means that if, for some reason, all allocated appropriations cannot be used in the first year, they will remain available during the next two years.
Development cooperation is often conducted in difficult circumstances. It is therefore important that the timeframes are flexible when it comes to the use of the appropriations. On the other hand, it takes years to achieve lasting development results, which is why long-term commitment to cooperation is essential.