Defence Cooperation Agreement with the United States (DCA)
Finland and the United States have negotiated on a new bilateral Defence Cooperation Agreement. Concluding the negotiations is an objective included in Finland’s new Government Programme. The Finnish Parliament needs to accept the agreement before it can be adopted. The agreement will reinforce Finland's security and promote the fulfilment of NATO membership obligations.
What is the agreement about?
Security and defence cooperation between Finland and the United States is based on shared needs and objectives, and on a sustained approach to long-time cooperation(Link to another website.)
Stages of the approval process
- A joint meeting of the President and the Ministerial Committee on Foreign and Security Policy outlines the agreement.
- Parliament is informed of the outcome of the negotiations (sections 47 and 97 of the Constitution).
- The President of the Republic, on the basis of a presentation by the Government, grants an authorisation to sign the agreement. The agreement becomes a public document.
- The agreement is signed.
- The Government plenary session submits to Parliament a government proposal for the acceptance and bringing into force of the agreement.
- Parliament gives its reply on the government proposal.
- The President of the Republic approves the agreement on the proposal of the Government. Finland and the United States exchange notes, informing each other of the completion of the national procedures.
- The agreement enters into force internationally within a period specified in the agreement after the Parties have informed each other of the completion of the national procedures to bring the agreement into force.
- The agreement is brought into force in Finland by an act of Parliament and by Government decree.