Development cooperation ,28.05.2013

Conflict Resolution in Southern Thailand


The conflict in Southern Thailand is entering a critical phase. Violence is on the increase but so are efforts to bring peace. For the first time since the re-emergence of the conflict in 2004, the Thai Government is making a concerted attempt to draw the insurgents into a dialogue process. The challenge moving forward is to maintain the momentum generated through the Government's intervention while addressing the deep flaws in the design of the process, including the exclusion of the army. After several years of patiently nurturing relationships on both sides and building trust with key constituencies, PACTA is well-placed to assist in this and play an important bridging role, influencing the speed and direction of the process and encouraging all parties to engage with sincerity and commitment. The goal of the three year program is to contribute to a mutually acceptable and sustainable settlement between the conflicting parties. We envisage the following as interim objectives towards the goal: i. Confidence-building measures between military and genuine insurgents as verification of authenticity of representatives and confirmation of political commitment; ii. Preparatory support and training for representatives from both sides provided through exchanges and lessons learned from Northern Ireland and Aceh; iii. Secret dialogues to agree framework and modalities for negotiations ; iv. Negotiations underway with support and accompaniment from PACTA; v. Coordinated support from international community; vi. Agreements implemented and monitored. Principal activities include: Advocacy and lobbying to shape the Government's approach to the peace process; Developing a back channel of communications between army and insurgents through confidence-building measures; Strengthening and deepening contacts with and access to insurgent/opposition groups; Preparatory training and support in peace processes for both insurgent and government delegations; Organisation and facilitation of secret dialogues; Support and accompaniment to negotiations; Monitoring and follow-up to peace process as appropriate. The primary beneficiaries are the people of Southern Thailand, Buddhist and especially the marginalised Muslim population. Violence will be reduced dramatically, lives saved, rights promoted and development made possible.


  • 2013: 237 885 €
  • 2014: 237 035 €
  • 2015: 229 191 €

Objectives monitored by OECD's Development Assistance Committee

  • Participatory development/Good governance

Field of activity

  • Civilian peace-building, conflict prevention and resolution 100%

Special target group

  • women
  • girls
  • children
  • youth
  • elderly people
  • indigenous peoples / ethnic minorities

Funding channel

  • Pacta Finland ry
  • Pacta Asia Limited



Code for the object of funding