Foreign policy and security policy

02.04.2019

Finland’s foreign and security policy aims at preserving its independence and the democratic core values of society and promoting the well-being and security of its citizens.


Finland’s foreign and security policy aims at preserving its independence and the democratic core values of society and promoting the well-being and security of its citizens.

As a Member State of the European Union and a member of the international community, Finland exercises foreign policy with a view to securing its national interests and endeavors to contribute to world peace.

Foreign and security policy is based on good bilateral and international relations, a strong role in the EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) of the EU, effective multilateral cooperation and credible national defence.

Minister Haavisto in Iraq: “Finland supports Iraq’s stabilisation”

Minister Haavisto in Iraq: “Finland supports Iraq’s stabilisation”

Minister for Foreign Affairs Pekka Haavisto visited Iraq on 22–23 July at the invitation of Iraq’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Fuad Hussein. The central purpose of the visit was to establish relations with Iraq’s new Government, to express support for Iraq’s stabilisation efforts, and to exchange views on topical bilateral and regional questions. Iraq is located in Europe’s neighbouring region and is an important country geopolitically. Its stability and the start of reconstruction are strongly in the interest of Finland and the whole European Union.

Minister Haavisto met with Iraq’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Fuad Hussein. Photo: Iraq's Ministry for Foreign Affairs

In Baghdad, Foreign Minister Haavisto met Minister of Foreign Affairs Hussein, who hosted the visit, Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi, President Barham Salihi and Speaker of the Council of Representatives Mohamed al-Halbousi. On Thursday 23 July, Foreign Minister Haavisto officially inaugurated the Finnish Embassy in Baghdad together with Minister of Foreign Affairs Hussein. Finland closed its mission in Baghdad nearly 29 years ago and reopened it in November 2019.

While in Iraq, Minister Haavisto visited also Erbil, where he had a meeting with President of the Kurdistan Region Nechirvan Barzani and Prime Minister of the Kurdistan Regional Government Masrour Barzani. Haavisto also paid a visit to Camp Lion, the base of the Finnish Crisis Management Force in Iraq. Finland has participated in the work of the Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS since 2015.

Iraq’s reconstruction

The presence and activities of Finnish and other international troops in Iraq was brought up also in the discussions with Iraq’s political leadership. Other topics of discussion included the security political situation in the region, Iraq’s reconstruction and reform measures, and economic issues. Views were exchanged also on human rights questions and close cooperation in migration and readmission matters. 

“It is important for the security of Finns that we know and understand what is happening in the region. Wise foreign policy means long-term commitment to security matters. Iraq’s reconstruction, which is being launched with international support, opens up economic opportunities, too,” Foreign Minister Haavisto says.

Finland and Iraq share a history of close contacts. The previous ministerial visit from Finland was made by Minister of Defence Jussi Niinistö in December 2016. In the 1970s and 1980s, Finnish ministers of industry and trade paid frequent visits to Iraq. In the 1970s, more than 1,000 Finns used to live in their own area, Finncamp, located in Baghdad’s neighbourhood. Finns have designed and built, for example, the Baghdad Conference Palace, vocational schools, agricultural institutions and residential areas.

Inquiries: Riikka Eela, Director, Unit for the Middle East, tel. +358 50 469 9692 and Otto Turtonen, Special Adviser to the Minister for Foreign Affairs. +358 50 514 5811. The email addresses of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs are in the format firstname.lastname@formin.fi.