Finland's development cooperation in Zambia
Zambia is a politically stable and safe country with a rapidly growing economy. Its vision is to become a middle-income country by 2030. The obstacles to reaching this target include the poorly diversified economy, high dependence on copper exports, and one of the fastest growing populations in the world. More than half of Zambians live in poverty, and economic inequality in the country is pronounced. In Zambia Finland supports private sector development, better productivity, and job creation for young people.
Traditional development cooperation between Finland and Zambia will diminish in the near future. At the same time we are seeking new means to achieve more broadly-based economic relations between the countries. Team Finland activities use financial instruments intended for commercial cooperation. This is also the approach adopted in the private sector development programme included in the country strategy.
Cooperation by civil society organisations
The activities of Finnish organisations in Zambia are supported, especially when concerned with developing a more inclusive and functioning society and stronger governance. In particular, cooperation relating to the involvement of women and the position of children is supported.
Zambia's national social protection programme has clearly reduced poverty in its target areas. The results have been proven in reliable surveys conducted annually. The programme has been expanded and about 190,000 families receive cash transfers. The programme has also stimulated the local economies. Zambia's social policy has developed and the donor community cooperates effectively. On the other hand, the state budget funding for social protection has not grown as expected.
The financial sector's development programme has surpassed its objective of getting half of the Zambian people under the services. The share of women as users has increased in particular. Mobile financial services reach already 14 per cent of the adult population, that is, over a million Zambians have access to the services.
The programme to promote the green economy and job creation has increased the use of environmentally friendly methods, created hundreds of jobs, enhanced the role of environmental considerations in education programmes, and educated experts in sustainable building and business.
The risks of development cooperation are mitigated by means of systematic monitoring of projects and programmes and dialogue with the partners and the country’s administration. The aim is also to improve the citizens’ opportunities to influence the development of the country.
The biggest risks for the implementation of the development cooperation programme in Zambia are linked to insufficient knowledge and underdeveloped administration.
In order to manage the risks, projects are prepared carefully, ongoing activities are monitored actively, and the lessons learned from completed projects are taken into account.
Support provided by Finland:
Private sector development:
- New private sector development programme: EUR 9 million in 2017–2021
- Green Jobs: EUR 8.5 million in 2014–2018
- Cooperation with the national pension institution (THL-NAPSA): EUR 1 million in 2018–2020
- Funds for local cooperation: EUR 0.9 million
A more democratic and equal society
- Zambia social protection expansion programme: EUR 9.6 million in 2016–2018
- NGO support to social protect
- ion by Save the Children Finland
- Decentralized forest and other natural resources management programme: EUR 4.4 million in 2015–2018
- Civil Society Environment Fund II: EUR 4.6 million in 2015-2019