Evaluation report 2013:2 Complementarity in Finland’s Development Policy and Co-operation: Finland’s Country Programme in Mozambique
ISBN 978-952-281-205-6 (pdf)
The case study on complementarity in the Finland’s country programme in Mozambique is part of a broader evaluation of complementarity in Finland’s development policy and co-operation. The desk study involved an extensive review of documents and limited interviews with Ministry for Foreign Affairs (MFA) staff in Helsinki and Maputo.
During the period under review (2004-2012), external complementarity was mainly driven by country frameworks for aid harmonisation, underpinned by the Paris Declaration, rather than by Finnish development policies and implementation modalities. General Budget Support (GBS) co-ordination weakened by 2012 due to changing priorities of the Government of Mozambique (GoM) and also concerns on the donor side about public accountability. External complementarity increased, as the country programme was reduced to three sectors, plus budget support. Finland’s country programme became less fragmented. Internal complementarity increased over time notably with the Institutional Co-operation Instrument (IKI) and regional programmes. However, support to Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs), administered in Finland, and Local Co-operation Funds (LCF) administered by the Embassy of Finland in Mozambique, were not well aligned with the country programme. LCF support was discontinued in 2010 due to staff shortages in the Embassy.
The evaluation recommends that Finnish policy guidance on external complementarity in country programmes be strengthened. Internal complementarity would be enhanced by the formulation of common goals and objectives, and by more attention to cross-cutting objectives. The MFA should also increase permanent staffing for the Mozambique Desk in the Department for Africa and the Middle East in the MFA and fill posts in the Embassy in a timely manner. LCF support should be restored.
Keywords: complementarity, harmonisation, alignment, country programmes, Mozambique